The macula is the tiny central part of the retina, which is responsible for fine detail vision and for color perception. Macular degeneration is a disease of this important portion of the eye. Although it is typically an age-related condition (it occurs most often in people over the age of 50), certain hereditary forms sometimes affect children or teens.
In many cases, patients are not aware of macular degeneration that occurs in one eye because the stronger eye compensates for the weaker one. If you do notice symptoms, the most common are difficulty reading and seeing up close and seeing distorted lines.
There is no cure for macular degeneration, but recent research suggests that certain vitamins and nutrients may slow its progress in certain patients. If the disease is advancing, we can use laser surgery to slow its development.